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Chemical routes for the conversion of cellulosic platform molecules into high-energy-density biofuels

J.A. Melero, J. Iglesias, G. Morales,  and M. Paniagua     Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Mostoles, Madrid, Spain

Abstract

In this chapter, we will highlight different chemical routes to convert highly functionalized sugars (glucose and xylose) coming from the hydrolysis of nonedible lignocellulosic biomass into high-energy-density biofuels with reduced oxygen content and improved H/C ratio. Firstly, this chapter will be focused on the chemical catalytic upgrading of lignocellulosic-based platform molecules (5-HMF, levulinic acid, and furfural) to oxygenated second-generation biofuels and the effect of the blending with conventional fuels. Then, ...

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