Chapter 11

# Partitioned Matrices

Robert Reams

SUNY-Plattsburgh

## 11.1 Submatrices and Block Matrices

Definitions:

Let AFm × n. Then the row indices of A are {1, ..., m}, and the column indices of A are {1, ..., n}. Let α, β be nonempty sets of indices with α ⊆ {1, ..., m} and β ⊆ {1, ..., n}.

A submatrix A[α, β] is a matrix whose rows have indices α among the row indices of A, and whose columns have indices β among the column indices of A. A(α, β) = A[αc, βc], where αc is the complement of α.

A principal submatrix is a submatrix A[α, α], denoted more compactly as A[α].

Let the set {1, ... m} be partitioned into the subsets α1, ..., αr in the usual sense of partitioning a set (so that ${\alpha }_{i}\cap {\alpha }_{j}=\overline{)0}$, for all ij, 1 ≤ i, jr, and α1 ∪ ... ∪ αr = {1, ...

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