Complex Photographic Lenses


A large number of interesting photographic lenses have been designed since the end of the nineteenth century. We will describe here only a few of them, but the reader may consult the interesting books by Kingslake (1946, 1963, 1989), Ray (2002), and Smith (2006). Additional information may also be found in the articles by Betensky (1980) and Cook (1965). Aklin (1948) detailed some considerations that need to be taken into account in the glass selection for photographic lenses in general. It is interesting to know that the systems described here are quite important from a historical point of view and also that most designs can be derived from these basic configurations. However, several more ...

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