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Handbook of Recycling by Markus Reuter, Ernst Worrell

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Chapter 1

Recycling

A Key Factor for Resource Efficiency

Ernst Worrell1 and Markus A. Reuter2,3     1Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands     2Outotec Oyj, Espoo, Finland     3Aalto University, Espoo, Finland

Abstract

Industrial society has become extremely dependent on resources, as it produces more, builds an increasingly complex society and accumulates an incredible volume of resources. The materials are drawn from natural resources. However, the Earth's resources are not infinite, but until recently, they have seemed to be. Increasingly we realize that our society may be approaching certain fundamental limits. This has made access to materials an issue of national security of many nations, ...

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