Systemic Reform: Research, Vision, and Politics
Systemic: of a system; specifically, in physiology, of or affecting the entire bodily system. (Webster's New World Dictionary, p. 1481)
Reform: v. to make better by removing faults and defects; n. an improvement; correction of faults or evils. (Ibid., p. 1222)
Combining the above definitions provides a basic definition of systemic reform, that is, to make better an entire system by removing faults and defects. Although that basic definition applies to systemic reform of science education, it does not define what is a “system” in educational reform, nor does it address the issue of the time required for systemic reform. This chapter addresses that ...