Barry R. Chiswick, George Washington University and IZA—Institute for the Study of Labor


International Migration


Immigrant Adjustment

Immigration Impact

Immigration Policy

JEL Classification



Migration appears to have been a human characteristic from time immemorial to this day. Modern humans may have developed in Africa, but they spread across the globe in prehistoric times. Hunter/gatherers engaged in both seasonal migration following the migration of herds and the ripening of fruits and nuts, and long-term migration in response to climate change, population pressures, war, violence, and other factors. The first book of the Hebrew bible, Genesis, is replete with stories of migration in response to ...

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