An autoencoder is a type of DL which can be used for unsupervised learning. It is similar to other dimensionality reduction techniques such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) which we studied earlier. However, PCA projects data from higher dimensions to lower dimensions using linear transformation, but autoencoders use non-linear transformations.

In an autoencoder, there are two parts to its structure:

  • Encoder: This part compresses the input into a fewer number of elements or bits. The input is compressed to the maximum point, which is known as latent space or bottleneck. These compressed bits are known as encoded bits.
  • Decoder: The decoder tries to reconstruct the input based on the encoded bits. If the decoder can reproduce ...

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