Amortized analysis

Often we are not so interested in the time complexity of individual operations; we are more interested in the average running time of sequences of operations. This is called amortized analysis. It is different from average-case analysis, which we will discuss shortly, in that we make no assumptions regarding the data distribution of input values. It does, however, take into account the state change of data structures. For example, if a list is sorted, any subsequent find operations should be quicker. The amortized analysis considers the state change of data structures because it analyzes sequences of operations, rather than simply aggregating single operations.

Amortized analysis describes an upper bound on the runtime ...

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