Function scope and hoisting

Low-level languages, such as C, have low-level memory management features. In programming languages with a higher level of abstraction, such as TypeScript, values are allocated when variables are created, and automatically cleared from memory when they are no longer used. The process that cleans the memory is known as garbage collection and is performed by the JavaScript runtime garbage collector.

The garbage collector does a great job, but it is a mistake to assume that it will always prevent us from facing a memory leak. The garbage collector will clear a variable from the memory whenever the variable is out of scope. It is important to understand how the TypeScript scope works in order for us to understand the ...

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