Felzenszwalb's efficient graph-based image segmentation

Felzenszwalb's algorithm takes a graph-based approach to segmentation. It first constructs an undirected graph with the image pixels as vertices (the set to be segmented) and the weight of an edge between the two vertices being some measure of the dissimilarity (for example, the difference in intensity). In the graph-based approach, the problem of partitioning an image into segments translates to finding a connected components in the constructed graph. The edges between two vertices in the same component should have relatively low weights, and edges between vertices in different components should have higher weights.

The algorithm runs in time nearly linear in the number of graph edges ...

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