Stack buffer overflow in Linux

Most vulnerabilities are flaws that arise due to conditions that the developer hasn't thought of. The most common vulnerability is a stack buffer overflow. This means that we define some sort of buffer that is not large enough for the storage we require. This is more of a problem when the input is controlled by the end-level user because this means it can be exploited.

In software, a stack buffer overflow or stack buffer overrun occurs when a program writes to a memory address on the program's call stack (as we know, every function has its own execution stack or is allocated a stack memory where it is executed) outside the intended data structure, which is usually a fixed-length buffer. A stack buffer overflow ...

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