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Healthcare Information Technology Exam Guide for CompTIA Healthcare IT Technician and HIT Pro Certifications by Brian Gugerty, Kathleen McCormick

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Roles and Professional Background of People Working in Healthcare Organizations

There are many healthcare professional roles active in even a moderately sized hospital or a large physician office practice. The following are just a few key professional roles with brief descriptions of each role.

Physicians

Physicians are doctors of medicine (MD) or osteopathy (DO) who have graduated from medical school. Following medical school, they almost always serve as an intern for an additional year and then as a resident for two years or longer beyond internship. (The first year of residency is often referred to as the internship.) Medical doctors must be licensed to practice, and many of them take additional exams for board certification. They may also ...

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