Radiation Heat Transfer
The transfer of heat energy by radiation based on electromagnetic waves has several unique characteristics. A medium is not required for radiant heat transfer. The amount of radiation and the quality of the radiation depend on temperature. It is propagated at the speed of light (3 × 108 m/s) in vacuum. The wavelength range of thermal radiation is 0.1−100 μm. The Sun emits radiation in wave lengths between 0.1 μm and 3 μm. This portion of the spectrum is known as solar radiation.
Let Qr, Qa, and Qt are the fractions of incident radiation energy Qi on a surface which are reflected, absorbed, and transmitted, respectively, as shown in Fig. 9.1.
Figure 9.1 Incident Radiation
where ρ, a, and τare reflectivity, ...