13.2 Some Basic Concepts

We shall develop these statistical methods after discussing related basic concepts.

13.2.1 Probability

The notion of probability is the key note of statistical physics. Its concept was thought to represent the capability of visualization of the behaviour of electrons and protons in wave mechanics. There are two kinds of probability: (i) mathematical probability and (ii) thermodynamical probability.


Mathematical probability: Let us suppose that we play tossing of a coin like the captains of two teams doing before the beginning of the play. If we take a coin and toss it, two events may occur with either tail falling uppermost or head falling uppermost; the total number of events being two, experience shows that if the ...

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