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Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications

Book Description

Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications is the first book to provide an overall description of various heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications. The book contains chapters relating to convection cooling, heat pipes, ablation, heat transfer at high velocity, low pressure and microgravity, aircraft heat exchangers, fuel cells, and cryogenic cooling systems.

Chapters specific to low density heat transfer (4) and microgravity heat transfer (9) are newer subjects which have not been previously covered. The book takes a basic engineering approach by including correlations and examples that an engineer needs during the initial phases of vehicle design or to quickly analyze and solve a specific problem. Designed for mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineers in research institutes, companies, and consulting firms, this book is an invaluable resource for the latest on aerospace heat transfer engineering and research.

  • Provides an overall description of heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications
  • Discusses why thermal problems arise and introduces the various heat transfer modes
  • Helps solve the problem of selecting and calculating the cooling system, the heat exchanger, and heat protection
  • Features a collection of problems in which the methods presented in the book can be used to solve these problems

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Nomenclature
  7. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1. Heat Transfer in General
    2. 1.2. Specifics for Aerospace Heat Transfer
  8. Chapter 2. Ablation
    1. 2.1. Introduction
    2. 2.2. An Illustrative Example of Ablation
    3. 2.3. Additional Information
  9. Chapter 3. Aerodynamic Heating: Heat Transfer at High Speeds
    1. 3.1. Introduction
    2. 3.2. High Velocity Flow Along a Flat Plate
    3. 3.3. Calculation of the Heat Transfer
    4. 3.4. Turbulent Flow
    5. 3.5. Influence of the Temperature Dependence of the Thermophysical Properties
    6. 3.6. Temperature Distribution in the Boundary Layer
    7. 3.7. Illustrative Example
    8. 3.8. An Engineering Example of a Thermal Protection System
    9. 3.9. Aerodynamic Heat Reduction
  10. Chapter 4. Low-Density Heat Transfer: Rarefied Gas Heat Transfer
    1. 4.1. Introduction
    2. 4.2. Kinetic Theory of Gases
    3. 4.3. Flow Regimes for Rarefied Gases
    4. 4.4. Methods of Analysis
    5. 4.5. Interaction Between Gas and Surface
    6. 4.6. Heat Transfer at High Velocities
    7. 4.7. Slip Flow Regime
    8. 4.8. Transition Regime
    9. 4.9. Free Molecular Flow Regime: The Knudsen Flow
    10. 4.10. Example: Low-Density Heat Transfer
    11. 4.11. Example: Heat Transfer in an Evacuated Space
    12. 4.12. Microchannel Applications
  11. Chapter 5. Cryogenics
    1. 5.1. Introduction
    2. 5.2. Kapitza Resistance
    3. 5.3. Cryogenic Tanks
    4. 5.4. Analysis of Pressurization and Thermal Stratification in an LH2 Tank
    5. 5.5. Cryogenic Heat Transfer Characteristics
    6. 5.6. Hydrogen in Aerospace Applications
  12. Chapter 6. Aerospace Heat Exchangers
    1. 6.1. Introduction
    2. 6.2. Applications of Aerospace Heat Exchangers
    3. 6.3. General Design Considerations for Aerospace Heat Exchangers
    4. 6.4. Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers
    5. 6.5. Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers
    6. 6.6. Micro Heat Exchangers
    7. 6.7. Other Aerospace Heat Exchangers
    8. 6.8. Summary
  13. Chapter 7. Heat Pipes for Aerospace Application
    1. 7.1. Introduction
    2. 7.2. General Description of Heat Pipes
    3. 7.3. Capillary Limitation
    4. 7.4. Other Limitations
    5. 7.5. Design and Manufacturing Considerations for Heat Pipes
    6. 7.6. Various Types of Heat Pipes
    7. 7.7. Concluding Remarks and Summary
  14. Chapter 8. Fuel Cells
    1. 8.1. Introduction
    2. 8.2. Types of Fuel Cells
    3. 8.3. Basic Transport Processes and Operation of a Fuel Cell
    4. 8.4. Aerospace Applications
  15. Chapter 9. Microgravity Heat Transfer
    1. 9.1. Introduction
    2. 9.2. Solidification in Microgravity
    3. 9.3. Gravity Effects on Single-Phase Convection
    4. 9.4. Condensation Under Microgravity
    5. 9.5. Boiling/Evaporation in Microgravity
    6. 9.6. Microgravity Effects in Cryogenic Tanks
  16. Chapter 10. Computational Methods for the Investigations of Heat Transfer Phenomena in Aerospace Applications
    1. 10.1. Introduction
    2. 10.2. Governing Equations
    3. 10.3. Numerical Methods to Solve the Governing Differential Equations
    4. 10.4. The CFD Approach
    5. 10.5. Topics Not Treated
    6. 10.6. Examples
    7. 10.7. Conclusions
  17. Chapter 11. Measuring Techniques
    1. 11.1. Introduction
    2. 11.2. Temperature Measurement
    3. 11.3. Flow Measurement
    4. 11.4. Liquid Mass Gauging in Microgravity
  18. Appendix 1. Governing Equations for Momentum, Mass, and Energy Transport
    1. A1.1. Continuity Equation (Mass Conservation Equation)
    2. A1.2. The Navier–Stokes Equations
    3. A1.3. The Boundary Layer Form of the Temperature Field Equation
    4. A1.4. Boundary Layer Equations for the Laminar Case
    5. A1.5. Dimensionless Groups and Rules of Similarity
  19. Appendix 2. Dimensionless Numbers of Relevance in Aerospace Heat Transfer
  20. Index