Chapter 8

Cyber-Physical Systems


Control systems are ubiquitous; a landmark of the control of mechanical systems was James Watt’s governor. Digital computers have been used as controllers since the early days of computing. But control theory and computer engineering have long been regarded as separate fields. Cyber-physical systems (CPS) has recently emerged as a discipline that unites these two disciplines. Just as embedded computing emerged to develop hardware/software co-design, CPS is developing methods for control/computing co-design.

This chapter reviews some basic concepts in control systems. It looks at basic problems in control/computing co-design for single processor systems. It also considers the complication of co-design in networked ...

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