Chapter 1

Transmission line fundamentals

The chapter introduces the electromagnetics and presents the origin physics of the Maxwell’s equations. Electromagnetic wave propagation equations in both free space and conductive media are derived. Transmission line theory laying the foundation for signal integrity analysis and interconnect design is discussed. Commonly used transmission lines in today’s high-speed systems and new development trends for them are presented in the last section of the chapter.


Maxwell’s equations; transmission line theory; plane wave; electromagnetics

All the mathematical sciences are founded on relations between physical laws and laws of numbers, so that the aim of exact science is to reduce the problems of nature ...

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