Preface

Ziad Melhem

Superconductivity was discovered in 1911 by H. Kamerlingh Onnes, and the scientific community celebrated the 100th year of the discovery in 2011. However, it is only in the last 50 years that superconducting materials have been used in industrial applications, and these applications have been dominated by superconducting magnets operating at low temperatures (i.e. usually below 20 K or -253°C). Since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity by J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Müller (1987), the last 25 years have seen the development of novel materials with much stronger market potential.

Almost all superconducting products today use low temperature superconductor (LTS) materials in their magnet systems, from compact ...

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