11 Introduction to Shell Scripts

If you can enter commands into the shell, you can write shell scripts. A shell script (also known as a Bourne shell script) is a series of commands written in a file; the shell reads the commands from the file just as it would if you typed them into a terminal.

11.1 Shell Script Basics

Bourne shell scripts generally start with the following line, which indicates that the /bin/sh program should execute the commands in the script file. (Make sure that there’s no whitespace at the beginning of the script file.)

#!/bin/sh

The #! part is called a shebang; you’ll see it in other scripts in this book. You can ...

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