Chapter 8. UNIX File System Hierarchy

Chapter Syllabus

  • 8.1 Static and Dynamic Files

  • 8.2 The Root Directory (/)

  • 8.3 The Devices Directory (/dev)

  • 8.4 The /etc Directory

  • 8.5 The Home Directory (/home)

  • 8.6 The System Binary Directory (/sbin)

  • 8.7 The /stand Directory

  • 8.8 The /net Directory

  • 8.9 The Applications Directory (/opt)

  • 8.10 The Temporary File Directory (/tmp)

  • 8.11 The /usr Directory

  • 8.12 The Variable Files Directory (/var)

  • 8.13 The lost+found Directory

  • 8.14 Some Useful Commands Related to File System Hierarchy

UNIX files and directories are arranged in a systematic way, like a tree structure. The root directory is represented by the slash symbol (/). It serves as the root of this directory tree. By file system layout, we mean the arrangement of files and ...

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