Chapter 1

From 3G to 4G: background and motivation of 3G evolution

Abstract

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the research and standardization background behind today’s HSPA technologies. A review of WCDMA development and standardization is provided in order for the reader to understand the framework upon which the 3G specifications have been built. This is followed by an insight into the workings of the standardization organizations that relate to WCDMA and HSPA, in particular 3GPP and ITU. The motivations and constraints behind the continuing evolution of HSPA are reviewed. This provides the reader with a framework with which to understand the drivers and processes behind the evolution features described in Part III of the ...

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