In This Chapter
Introducing the concept of valid pages
Using a doctype
Introducing XHTML 1.0 Strict
Setting the character set
Meeting the W3C validator
Fixing things when they go wrong
Using HTML Tidy to clean your pages
Web development is undergoing a revolution. As the Web matures and becomes a greater part of everyday life XX, it's important to ensure that Web pages perform properly—thus, a call for Web developers to follow voluntary standards of Web development.
In the bad old days, the Web was an informal affair. People wrote HTML pages any way they wanted. Although this was easy, it led to a lot of problems:
Browser manufacturers added features that didn't work on all browsers. People wanted prettier Web pages with colors, fonts, and doodads, but there wasn't a standard way to do these things. Every browser had a different set of tags that supported enhanced features. As a developer, you had no real idea if your Web page would work on all the browsers out there. If you wanted to use some neat feature, you had to ensure your users had the right browser.
The distinction between meaning and layout was blurred. People expected to have some kind of design control of their Web pages, so all kinds of new tags popped up that blurred the distinction between describing and decorating a page.
Table-based layout was used as a hack. HTML didn't have a good way to handle layout, so clever Web developers started using tables as a layout ...