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HTML5: Up and Running

Book Description

If you don't know about the new features available in HTML5, now's the time to find out. This book provides practical information about how and why the latest version of this markup language will significantly change the way you develop for the Web.

HTML5 is still evolving, yet browsers such as Safari, Mozilla, Opera, and Chrome already support many of its features -- and mobile browsers are even farther ahead. HTML5: Up & Running carefully guides you though the important changes in this version with lots of hands-on examples, including markup, graphics, and screenshots. You'll learn how to use HTML5 markup to add video, offline capabilities, and more -- and you’ll be able to put that functionality to work right away.

  • Learn new semantic elements, such as , , and
  • Meet Canvas, a 2D drawing surface you can program with JavaScript
  • Embed video in your web pages without third-party plugins
  • Use Geolocation to let web application visitors share their physical location
  • Take advantage of local storage capacity that goes way beyond cookies
  • Build offline web applications that work after network access is disconnected
  • Learn about several new input types for web forms
  • Create your own custom vocabularies in HTML5 with microdata

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
    1. Diving In
    2. Conventions Used in This Book
    3. Using Code Examples
    4. A Note on the Editions of This Book
    5. Safari® Books Online
    6. How to Contact Us
  2. 1. How Did We Get Here?
    1. Diving In
    2. MIME Types
    3. A Long Digression into How Standards Are Made
    4. An Unbroken Line
    5. A Timeline of HTML Development from 1997 to 2004
    6. Everything You Know About XHTML Is Wrong
    7. A Competing Vision
    8. What Working Group?
    9. Back to the W3C
    10. Postscript
    11. Further Reading
  3. 2. Detecting HTML5 Features
    1. Diving In
    2. Detection Techniques
    3. Modernizr: An HTML5 Detection Library
    4. Canvas
    5. Canvas Text
    6. Video
    7. Video Formats
    8. Local Storage
    9. Web Workers
    10. Offline Web Applications
    11. Geolocation
    12. Input Types
    13. Placeholder Text
    14. Form Autofocus
    15. Microdata
    16. Further Reading
  4. 3. What Does It All Mean?
    1. Diving In
    2. The Doctype
    3. The Root Element
    4. The <head> Element
      1. Character Encoding
      2. Friends and (Link) Relations
        1. rel = stylesheet
        2. rel = alternate
        3. Other link relations in HTML5
    5. New Semantic Elements in HTML5
    6. A Long Digression into How Browsers Handle Unknown Elements
    7. Headers
    8. Articles
    9. Dates and Times
    10. Navigation
    11. Footers
    12. Further Reading
  5. 4. Let’s Call It a Draw(ing Surface)
    1. Diving In
    2. Simple Shapes
    3. Canvas Coordinates
    4. Paths
    5. Text
    6. Gradients
    7. Images
    8. What About IE?
    9. A Complete Example
    10. Further Reading
  6. 5. Video on the Web
    1. Diving In
    2. Video Containers
    3. Video Codecs
      1. H.264
      2. Theora
      3. VP8
    4. Audio Codecs
      1. MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3
      2. Advanced Audio Coding
      3. Vorbis
    5. What Works on the Web
    6. Licensing Issues with H.264 Video
    7. Encoding Ogg Video with Firefogg
    8. Batch Encoding Ogg Video with ffmpeg2theora
    9. Encoding H.264 Video with HandBrake
    10. Batch Encoding H.264 Video with HandBrake
    11. Encoding WebM Video with ffmpeg
    12. At Last, the Markup
      1. MIME Types Rear Their Ugly Head
    13. What About IE?
    14. A Complete Example
    15. Further Reading
  7. 6. You Are Here (And So Is Everybody Else)
    1. Diving In
    2. The Geolocation API
    3. Show Me the Code
    4. Handling Errors
    5. Choices! I Demand Choices!
    6. What About IE?
    7. geo.js to the Rescue
    8. A Complete Example
    9. Further Reading
  8. 7. The Past, Present, and Future of Local Storage for Web Applications
    1. Diving In
    2. A Brief History of Local Storage Hacks Before HTML5
    3. Introducing HTML5 Storage
    4. Using HTML5 Storage
      1. Tracking Changes to the HTML5 Storage Area
      2. Limitations in Current Browsers
    5. HTML5 Storage in Action
    6. Beyond Named Key/Value Pairs: Competing Visions
    7. Further Reading
  9. 8. Let’s Take This Offline
    1. Diving In
    2. The Cache Manifest
      1. Network Sections
      2. Fallback Sections
    3. The Flow of Events
    4. The Fine Art of Debugging, a.k.a. “Kill Me! Kill Me Now!”
    5. Let’s Build One!
    6. Further Reading
  10. 9. A Form of Madness
    1. Diving In
    2. Placeholder Text
    3. Autofocus Fields
    4. Email Addresses
    5. Web Addresses
    6. Numbers As Spinboxes
    7. Numbers As Sliders
    8. Date Pickers
    9. Search Boxes
    10. Color Pickers
    11. And One More Thing...
    12. Further Reading
  11. 10. “Distributed,” “Extensibility,” and Other Fancy Words
    1. Diving In
    2. What Is Microdata?
    3. The Microdata Data Model
    4. Marking Up People
      1. Introducing Google Rich Snippets
    5. Marking Up Organizations
    6. Marking Up Events
      1. The Return of Google Rich Snippets
    7. Marking Up Reviews
    8. Further Reading
  12. A. The All-in-One Almost-Alphabetical Guide to Detecting Everything
    1. List of Elements
    2. Further Reading
  13. Index
  14. About the Author
  15. Colophon
  16. Copyright