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Human-Computer Interaction

Book Description

Human-Computer Interaction: An Empirical Research Perspective is the definitive guide to empirical research in HCI. The book begins with foundational topics including historical context, the human factor, interaction elements, and the fundamentals of science and research. From there, you'll progress to learning about the methods for conducting an experiment to evaluate a new computer interface or interaction technique. There are detailed discussions and how-to analyses on models of interaction, focusing on descriptive models and predictive models. Writing and publishing a research paper is explored with helpful tips for success. Throughout the book, you'll find hands-on exercises, checklists, and real-world examples. This is your must-have, comprehensive guide to empirical and experimental research in HCI—an essential addition to your HCI library.

  • Master empirical and experimental research with this comprehensive, A-to-Z guide in a concise, hands-on reference
  • Discover the practical and theoretical ins-and-outs of user studies
  • Find exercises, takeaway points, and case studies throughout

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Author Biography
  8. Chapter 1. Historical Context
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Vannevar Bush’s “as we may think” (1945)
    3. 1.3 Ivan Sutherland’s Sketchpad (1962)
    4. 1.4 Invention of the mouse (1963)
    5. 1.5 Xerox star (1981)
    6. 1.6 Birth of HCI (1983)
    7. 1.7 Growth of HCI and graphical user interfaces (GUIs)
    8. 1.8 Growth of HCI research
    9. 1.9 Other readings
    10. 1.10 Resources
  9. Chapter 2. The Human Factor
    1. 2.1 Time scale of human action
    2. 2.2 Human factors
    3. 2.3 Sensors
    4. 2.4 Responders
    5. 2.5 The brain
    6. 2.6 Language
    7. 2.7 Human performance
  10. Chapter 3. Interaction Elements
    1. 3.1 Hard controls and soft controls
    2. 3.2 Control-display relationships
    3. 3.3 Natural versus learned relationships
    4. 3.4 Mental models and metaphor
    5. 3.5 Modes
    6. 3.6 More about degrees of freedom
    7. 3.7 Mobile context
    8. 3.8 Interaction errors
  11. Chapter 4. Scientific Foundations
    1. 4.1 What is research?
    2. 4.2 What is empirical research?
    3. 4.3 Research methods
    4. 4.4 Observe and measure
    5. 4.5 Research questions
    6. 4.6 Internal validity and external validity
    7. 4.7 Comparative evaluations
    8. 4.8 Relationships: circumstantial and causal
    9. 4.9 Research topics
  12. Chapter 5. Designing HCI Experiments
    1. 5.1 What methodology?
    2. 5.2 Ethics approval
    3. 5.3 Experiment design
    4. 5.4 Independent variables
    5. 5.5 Dependent variables
    6. 5.6 Other variables
    7. 5.7 Task and procedure
    8. 5.8 Participants
    9. 5.9 Questionnaire design
    10. 5.10 Within-subjects and between-subjects
    11. 5.11 Order effects, counterbalancing, and latin squares
    12. 5.12 Group effects and asymmetric skill transfer
    13. 5.13 Longitudinal studies
    14. 5.14 Running the experiment
  13. Chapter 6. Hypothesis Testing
    1. 6.1 Analysis of variance
    2. 6.2 Chi-square test
    3. 6.3 Non-parametric tests for ordinal data
    4. 6.4 Parametric versus non-parametric tests
  14. Chapter 7. Modeling Interaction
    1. 7.1 Descriptive models
    2. 7.2 Predictive models
    3. 7.3 A model continuum model
  15. Chapter 8. Writing and Publishing a Research Paper
    1. 8.1 Conference papers, journal papers
    2. 8.2 Parts of a research paper
    3. 8.3 Preparing the manuscript
    4. References
  16. Appendix
    1. Software on this book’s website
  17. Index