8Conclusion

What emerges from the study of Iraq's human development is a complex, at times surprising, and uneven process of development, one that is intimately connected with state policies, situated in the broader political economy and not obviously or directly related to the rate of economic growth. The story hints at – and, indeed, Iraq's experience after 1990 would painfully illustrate – the fragility of development and the dire consequences that can occur when political institutions and political decision-making structures fail to keep up with advances in other aspects or dimensions of development. Along the way previously obscured aspects of the development process are illuminated, old questions revisited, and new issues raised. Outstanding ...

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