Chapter 1

On Exposure of Humans to Electromagnetic Fields – General Considerations


The scope of this chapter is to review various aspects of human interaction with electromagnetic fields (EMFs) from artificial sources, thus covering basic ideas of environmental electromagnetic fields, the public fear related to the use of EMF, biomedical applications of EMF, coupling mechanisms between humans and static electric, static magnetic, and time-varying fields, summary of the established biological effects of electromagnetic fields related to static, low-frequency and high-frequency range, respectively, international safety guidelines and standards related to limiting human exposure to EMF and their legislative status in several world countries, ...

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