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Human Resource Management in the Project-Oriented Organization by Anne Keegan, Martina Huemann, Rodney Turner

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CHAPTER 3

LITERATURE SEARCH

It is now well recognized that HRM is of strategic importance in all organizations (Pfeffer, 1998; Huselid, 1995), that it should be linked vertically with the strategy of the organization and horizontally with other operational processes (Lengnick-Hall, and Lengnick-Hall, 1998), and that it contributes to sustained competitive advantage (Wright and McMahan, 1992; Amit and Belcourt, 1999). We saw in the last chapter that project-oriented organizations adopt project-based ways of working as a strategic choice (Gareis, 2005) in response to their customers’ demands for customized products or services, and use temporary organizations such as projects and programs to undertake their work processes. HRM in the project-oriented ...

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