Chapter 6

Life Cycle Assessment of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

A Review

Sonia Longo1, Maurizio Cellura1, Francesco Guarino1, Marco Ferraro2, Vincenzo Antonucci2 and Gaetano Squadrito2,    1University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy,    2National Research Council, Institute for advanced energy technologies “Nicola Giordano” Messina, Italy

Abstract

Fuel cells (FCs) are among the key technologies that Europe will have to rely on in order to comply with the most recent environmental targets inspired by decarbonization and circular economy. The assessment of the real advantages of using FCs for producing energy must include a reliable analysis of the energy and environmental impacts during the life cycle of these ...

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