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Hyper-V for VMware Administrators: Migration, Coexistence, and Management

Book Description

Learn to deploy and support Hyper-V, building on what you know about VMware's vSphere. Whether you're looking to run both hypervisors in parallel or migrate completely, Hyper-V for VMware Administrators has everything you need to get started.

The book begins with an overview of Hyper-V basics, including common management tasks such as creating a virtual machine and building a virtual network. You'll learn how to deploy a failover cluster to protect against the risk of Hyper-V becoming a single point of failure, and how to make virtual machines fault tolerant. System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) is the preferred tool for managing large Hyper-V deployments, so you'll get to know this next and how it differs from VMware's vCenter solution, as well as how to manage a mixed environment including both vSphere and Hyper-V deployments.

Like any server migration, a virtual server migration requires careful planning to ensure success. You'll find information here on the specifics of migrating from vSphere to Hyper-V, planning for down time, IP address differences, performance considerations, and more. For migrations to Hyper-V, SCVMM is once again the preferred tool, but you'll also be introduced to some of the excellent free tools available.

One easily overlooked aspect of the migration process is the way in which it impacts your backup and recovery strategy. Knowing the best practices here can help you protect your Hyper-V environment. The book also covers how to monitor and maintain your Hyper-V environment once it's up and running, using features like Cluster-Aware Updating, automated live migrations, and availability sets. The concluding chapter shows you how to take advantage of the efficiencies provided by virtual machine libraries and templates.

Approach Hyper-V with confidence, and the knowledge that you've planned for success, with Hyper-V for VMware Administrators.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents at a Glance
  6. Contents
  7. About the Author
  8. About the Technical Reviewers
  9. Acknowledgments
  10. Introduction
  11. Chapter 1: Hyper-V Basics
    1. Initial Deployment Considerations
    2. Hyper-V Licensing
    3. The Lab Installation Process
      1. Requirements
      2. Installing Windows Server 2012 R2
    4. Post-Installation Tasks
      1. Changing the Computer Name
      2. Assigning an IP Address
      3. Configuring a Domain Controller and DNS Server
    5. Setting Up Hyper-V
      1. Joining a Domain
      2. Installing Hyper-V
    6. Important Concepts to Understand
      1. The vSphere Client
      2. The Datastore
      3. The Virtual Machine Console
      4. VMware Tools
      5. Virtual Machine Generations
      6. Dynamic Memory
    7. Removing the GUI
    8. Moving On
  12. Chapter 2: Building a Failover Cluster
    1. Cluster Planning
    2. Cluster Scalability
      1. How Many Clusters Should You Build?
      2. Failover Cluster Architecture Considerations
    3. Setting Up Cluster Storage
      1. Preparing Your Cluster Nodes
      2. Starting the iSCSI Initiator and Documenting the IQN
      3. Creating an iSCSI Target
      4. Attaching to the iSCSI Target
      5. Preparing the iSCSI Target for Use
    4. Building a Failover Cluster
      1. Deploying the Failover Cluster Feature
      2. Checking the Hyper-V Virtual Switch
    5. Fault Tolerance for Virtual Machines
      1. Connecting the Cluster to the iSCSI Target
    6. Moving On
  13. Chapter 3: An Introduction to System Center Virtual Machine Manager
    1. What Is System Center Virtual Machine Manager?
    2. The System Center Virtual Machine Manager Components
    3. The Deployment Process
      1. The Prep Work
      2. System Requirements and Scalability
      3. Installing System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
    4. The Virtual Machine Manager Console
      1. If the Connection Fails
      2. An Overview of the Virtual Machine Manager Console
    5. Moving On
  14. Chapter 4: Using Virtual Machine Manager as a Cross-Platform Management Tool
    1. Bringing Hyper-V Under Management
      1. Some Advice About Virtual Machine Manager Agents
      2. Bringing a Standalone Hyper-V Server Under Management
      3. Bringing a Clustered Hyper-V Deployment Under Management
    2. VMware Management
      1. VMware’s Take on Virtual Machine Manager
      2. My Take on Using Virtual Machine Manager for vSphere Management
      3. Connecting Virtual Machine Manager to Your VMware Deployment
    3. The Verification Process
    4. Importing a Security Certificate
      1. Accepting a Certificate
      2. What Went Wrong?
    5. VMware Management Techniques
      1. A Single Pane of Glass
      2. Creating New VMs
      3. Creating a Hyper-V Virtual Machine
      4. Creating a VMware Virtual Machine
      5. Preparing Your Template VMs
    6. Moving On
  15. Chapter 5: Using System Center Virtual Machine Manager for Virtual Machine Migrations
    1. Some Important Things to Know
      1. Supported Versions of VMware
      2. The Resulting Downtime
      3. Storage Provisioning
    2. Preparing for the Migration
      1. Backing Up Your Virtual Machines
      2. Removing the VMware Tools
      3. Making Note of Any Static IP Addresses
      4. Disconnecting from the Virtual Network
      5. Uninstalling Your Antivirus Software
      6. Shutting Down the Virtual Machine
    3. Converting a Virtual Machine
    4. What’s Really Going On?
    5. What Went Wrong?
      1. Error 2940
      2. Error 2912
    6. Post-Migration Tasks
    7. Moving Forward
  16. Chapter 6: An Alternate Migration Method
    1. Which Tool Should You Use?
    2. Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter Features
    3. My Approach
    4. Preparing for the Virtual Machine Converter
      1. Building the Virtual Machine
      2. Preparing Your Hyper-V Server
      3. Configuring Your Virtual Machine
    5. Acquiring and Installing the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter
    6. Planning the Migration Logistics
      1. Migration Considerations
      2. Planning for Running Virtual Machines
    7. The Migration Process
    8. Third-Party Migration Tools
      1. Vision Solutions Double-Take Move
      2. 5nine V2V Easy Converter
    9. Moving On
  17. Chapter 7: Virtual Machine Protection
    1. A Crash Course in Hyper-V Backups
    2. Checkpoints
      1. Understanding Checkpoints
      2. Working with Checkpoints
    3. Replication
      1. Installing the Hyper-V Replica Broker
      2. Enabling Replication for Non-Clustered Hyper-V Servers
      3. Creating a Replica
      4. Verifying Replication Health
      5. Creating an Extended Replica
      6. Testing a Replica
      7. Performing a Planned Failover
      8. Performing an Unplanned Failover
    4. Moving On
  18. Chapter 8: Keeping Hyper-V Healthy
    1. Storage Live Migration
      1. Using Storage Live Migration
      2. What Went Wrong?
    2. Making the VM Highly Available
    3. Cluster-Aware Updating
      1. Configuring Cluster-Aware Updating
      2. Manually Updating the Cluster
    4. Live Migration
    5. Virtual Machine Placement (Star Rating)
    6. Automated Live Migrations
      1. Dynamic Optimization
      2. Workload Consolidation and Power Optimization
    7. Virtual Machine Prioritization and Host Preferences
      1. Availability Sets
      2. Virtual Machine Priority
    8. Moving On
  19. Chapter 9: Virtual Machine Libraries and Templates
    1. Virtual Machine Libraries
      1. Creating a Library Share
      2. Populating a Library Share
    2. Virtual Machine Templates
      1. Templates and Profiles
      2. Creating a Virtual Machine from a Template
    3. Moving On
  20. Index