Background: I/O Subsystem Bottlenecks

New I/O buses are typically developed in response to changing system requirements and to promote lower cost implementations. Current-generation I/O buses such as PCI are rapidly falling behind the capabilities of other system components such as processors and memory. Some of the reasons why the I/O bottlenecks are becoming more apparent are described below.

Server Or Desktop Computer: Three Subsystems

A server or desktop computer system is comprised of three major subsystems:

  1. Processor (in servers, there may be more than one)

  2. Main DRAM Memory. There are a number of different synchronous DRAM types, including SDRAM, DDR, and Rambus.

  3. I/O (Input/Output devices). Generally, all components which are not processors ...

Get HyperTransport™ System Architecture now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.