Chapter 3. Logs and Real-Time Stream Processing

So far, I have only described what amounts to a fancy method of copying data from place to place. However, schlepping bytes between storage systems is not the end of the story. It turns out that “log” is another word for “stream” and logs are at the heart of stream processing.

But wait, what exactly is stream processing?

If you are a fan of database literature or semi-successful data infrastructure products of the late 1990s and early 2000s, you likely associate stream processing with efforts to build a SQL engine or “boxes-and-arrows” interface for event-driven processing.

If you follow the explosion of open source data systems, you likely associate stream processing with some of the systems in this space, for example, Storm, Akka, S4, and Samza. Most people see these as a kind of asynchronous message processing system that is not that different from a cluster-aware RPC layer (and in fact some things in this space are exactly that). I have heard stream processing described as a model where you process all your data immediately and then throw it away.

Both these views are a little limited. Stream processing has nothing to do with SQL. Nor is it limited to real-time processing. There is no inherent reason you can’t process the stream of data from yesterday or a month ago using a variety of different languages to express the computation. Nor must you (or should you) throw away the original data that was captured.

I see ...

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