IBM System x Reference Architecture for Hadoop: IBM InfoSphere BigInsights Reference Architecture
Introduction
The IBM® System x® reference architecture is a predefined and optimized hardware infrastructure for IBM InfoSphere® BigInsights™ 2.1, which is a distribution of Apache Hadoop with value-added capabilities that are specific to IBM. The reference architecture provides a predefined hardware configuration for implementing InfoSphere BigInsights 2.1 on System x hardware. The reference architecture can be implemented in two ways to support MapReduce workloads or Apache HBase workloads.
MapReduce is a core component of Hadoop that provides an offline, batch-oriented framework for high-throughput data access and distributed computation.

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