You’ll need the following items to complete this lab session.
Slides, prepared, Vertebrata (see text)
Vertebrates are members of the subphylum Vertebrata of the phylum Chordata. Vertebrates are the organisms that most people think of as animals, including the classes fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals.
The defining characteristic of vertebrates is their possession of a vertebral column (or spine) consisting of a segmented series of hard, bony vertebrae (singular vertebra) separated by intervertebral discs, which provide mobility and allow the spine to move and flex. (In other chordates, the spine is a stiff ...