Introduction: The Fascination of Evolution
Variational evolution is the concept represented by Darwin’s theory of evolution through natural selection. According to this theory, an enormous amount of genetic variation is produced in every generation, but only a few survivors of the vast number of offspring will themselves reproduce. Individuals that are best adapted to the environment have the highest probability of surviving and producing the next generation.
Mayr1997, p. 176
To date, between 3 and 10 million plant and animal species live on planet Earth. As human beings living in a high-tech era, we should try to keep our sense of awe and admiration for the diversity of life-forms that ...