This chapter provides more detail on industrial robots commencing with the accepted definition. The various configurations are introduced, including articulated, SCARA, cartesian, and parallel or delta. The typical applications and market shares for each configuration are discussed. The key issues regarding robot performance, including working envelope and repeatability, are discussed together with the main points to consider when selecting robots. This includes a review of the typical contents of a robot data sheet. The benefits that robots can provide are also discussed, both for system integrators and end users. This includes the 10 key benefits that robots can provide for a manufacturing facility.