This chapter discusses the specific issues that should be considered for each of the main applications for industrial robots. These applications include welding, dispensing (e.g. painting), and processing (e.g. various cutting and material-removal applications), as well as handling operations such as plastic moulding, machine tool tending, palletising, picking, and packing. The discussion starts to bring together items explored in previous chapters, identifying some of the key points relating to each application. This includes the key benefits of using a robot for each these applications, as well as the specific issues that impact robot selection.