380 Implementing and Administering WebSphere Business Integration Server V4.2.2
11.1 Introduction
As with any Business Process Integration project, several major software
components work together to comprise the complete business integration
processing environment. Clearly, a performance bottleneck in one component is
likely to affect system throughput as a whole. Although overall system throughput
and response time remain the primary measurements of interest, site
administration should possess some level of confidence that all of the major
component parts are functioning at acceptable levels of performance.
In a situation in which end-user performance does not meet customer objectives,
it is usually necessary to perform system-level monitoring in order to isolate the
cause of the performance issue. The tools and techniques that are used for
system-level monitoring differ from platform to platform. To find additional
information about system-level monitoring, consult the system documentation
and the manufacturer's Web site.
As an example, the InterChange Server supports three different database
managers. The documentation for each of these database products contains a
wealth of information regarding performance, capacity planning, and
configuration. This documentation would likely offer the best guidance for
performance considerations in a variety of operational environments. Assuming
that all of these issues have been addressed from the perspective of the actual
product, additional levels of performance implications are introduced at the
interface between these products and the InterChange Server.
Several configuration parameters are available to the InterChange Server
administrator. This chapter identifies specific parameters that have been
observed to affect performance, but not
all available configuration parameters of
the InterChange Server. For a complete list of configuration parameters and
possible settings, see Appendix A of WebSphere InterChange Server V4.2.2
System Installation Guide, which can be downloaded from:
11.2 General performance checklist
This section begins with a tuning checklist that enumerates the major
components and their associated tuning concepts. The subsections that follow
address each in more detail, describing performance-related design concepts
and discussing the tuning parameters and their suggested settings (where
appropriate), as well as ways to determine potential settings for a particular
configuration. Although there is no guarantee that stepping through this checklist
Chapter 11. Tuning a WebSphere Business Integration Server infrastructure 381
provides immediate, acceptable performance, it is likely that degraded
performance can be expected if any of these parameters is set incorrectly.
The checklist includes:
򐂰 InterChange Server
Configure threads in collaborations and in adapter controllers
Use caches for maps and collaborations (instance reuse)
Configure threading for CORBA / IIOP
Configure database connection pools
Setting flow control queue sizes
Turn off component tracing
Turn off event sequencing for server access interface
򐂰 WebSphere Business Integration Adapters
Configure polling frequency and quantity
򐂰 Database (general)
Place database tablespaces on fast disk subsystem
Size database cross-referencing tables correctly
Place logs on separate device from tablespaces
򐂰 Database (DB2-specific)
Maintain current indexes on tables
Update catalog statistics
Set buffer pool size correctly
򐂰 Database (Oracle-specific)
Set buffer, block, and shared pool area sizes correctly
Set processes, Open_Cursors, and IO_Slaves
Use dedicated connection if possible
Query optimization
򐂰 WebSphere MQ
Place MQ logs on fast disk subsystem
Monitor message queue depth
Configure MQ log files and buffer pages
򐂰 Java Virtual Machine
Set the heap and nursery size to handle garbage collection efficiently
Set AIX® threading parameters
Use HotSpot Server instead of client
Set thread stack size if using many threads
Reduce or increase heap size if java.lang.OutofMemory occurs

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