CHAPTER 2

Future Energy Trends andGreenhouse Gas Emissions

P. R. Shukla, Debyani Ghosh, and Amit Garg

INDIA IS A DEVELOPING COUNTRY WITH A POPULATION of nearly one billion people. There has been a rapid rise in the use of energy resources and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions because of structural changes in the Indian economy in the past 50 years from a predominantly agrarian base to a sizable industrial base. As is typical of developing countries, the energy needs of nearly 700 million rural people and various rural industries are met by biomass. However, the growth of bio-mass energy has stagnated over the past decade because of growth in fossil fuel consumption. At present, the commercial energy demand is growing at a high annual rate of more ...

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