Chapter 2

Challenges before Indian Foreign Policy

Foreign policy is a dynamic discipline wherein an incident in international arena can change the entire policy framework. For example, the end of cold war changed the framework of international diplomatic relationships. In addition, foreign policy also has to orient and re-orient itself to provide appropriate external environment conducive for the growth and stability of a country, depending on the existing level of economic, social and military development. For example, mounting trade deficit and low foreign currency reserves necessitated liberalization of India in the early 90’s. Further, challenges arise in pursuing foreign policy from conflicts at international level as they can’t be eliminated ...

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