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Indian Administration by Pankaj Singh, Hoshiar Singh

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Public Services

Public administration concerns with policy formulation and implementation and management of public affairs by competent civil servants who constitute public services or civil services. The term ‘civil service’ has been defined by Herman Finer as a ‘professional body of officials, permanent, paid and skilled’. The civil service is the backbone of the administrative system. ‘It is this great body of men and women that translates law into action from one end of the country to the other and brings the national government into its daily contacts with the rank and file in the country—less in the public eyes than the ministry, this army of functionaries is not a whit less necessary to the realisation of the purposes for which government ...

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