Fractionalization of Holdings and Food Production: Subdivision and Fragmentation of Holdings
The Size of the Holdings
Land is a negligible factor in industry, but of the utmost importance in agriculture. The most obvious fact about the land held by the average cultivator in India before land reforms were initiated in independent India was the smallness of its size. The average cultivated area per owner in the Punjab was between 7 and 8 acres. The holdings in the Provinces were still smaller. The average size varied from 2 to 3 acres in Madras and Bengal to half an acre in Bihar and Orissa. In UP, it was two and a half and, in Assam, it was barely three. According to Dr Mann, the average size of a holding in a Deccan village was as much as ...