Jinnah: Liberal Constitutionalism and Islam

Dinesh Kumar Singh

I am a nationalist first, a nationalist second, a nationalist last.


M. A. Jinnah

I still consider myself to be an Indian.


M. A. Jinnah, Governor-General of Pakistan

Mohammed Ali Jinnah is one of the most controversial figures in modern Indian history. India’s collective consciousness and popular imagination still consider him a villain who was instrumental in creating Pakistan. He started off as a staunch secularist, advocating Hindu-Muslim unity to face the oppressive and divisive policies of the British government. However, after 1937 he propounded the two-nation theory, which held that Hindus and Muslims were two separate nations who could not live together. His intellectual ...

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