Jinnah: Liberal Constitutionalism and Islam
Dinesh Kumar Singh
I am a nationalist first, a nationalist second, a nationalist last.
M. A. Jinnah
I still consider myself to be an Indian.
M. A. Jinnah, Governor-General of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah is one of the most controversial figures in modern Indian history. India’s collective consciousness and popular imagination still consider him a villain who was instrumental in creating Pakistan. He started off as a staunch secularist, advocating Hindu-Muslim unity to face the oppressive and divisive policies of the British government. However, after 1937 he propounded the two-nation theory, which held that Hindus and Muslims were two separate nations who could not live together. His intellectual ...