Indian Constitution: Provisions and Institutional Functioning

Philosophy of the Constitution

A Constitution is a body of fundamental rules which determines how a nation would be governed. These rules provide the framework to which ordinary laws of the country must conform to. The absence of a Constitution will leave governance to the whims of the rulers. The Constitution of India is the lengthiest written Constitution in the world. It was adopted by the constituent assembly on 26 November 1949; and it came into force on 26 January 1950.

The basic philosophy of the Constitution, its moving spirit, is to be found in the Preamble. The Preamble is the basic structure of the Constitution. The Preamble says that people are the ultimate authority, ...

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