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Innovation foundation

We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.

– Albert Einstein

Very few people know that Microsoft’s new search engine, Bing, was developed in India. Bing partly underlines the potential of R&D in India. Half of Cisco’s core R&D work, including innovations in WiMAX and optical networks, and about 40 per cent of SAP’s ideas for processes and product development come from India.1 India is also undertaking cutting-edge research in smart materials, vaccines, electric cars and aviation.

Institutional infrastructure

The foundation for India’s innovation was probably laid as early as five decades ago. In the early 1950s, India built its science ...

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