180 ◾ Industrial Applications of High-Performance Computing
NCSA’s funding began in 1986 as an outcome of the 1982 Black Proposal
submitted by Dr. Larry Smarr and his colleagues (see Chapter1). Included
in the initial strategy was the establishment of the Industrial Partners
Program, later named the Private Sector Program (PSP). Since 1986, the
PSP has partnered with and provided consulting advice to nearly one-half
of the U.S. FORTUNE50,
in a range of sectors including manufacturing,
oil and gas, retail/wholesale/distribution, health care, pharmaceuticals,
agriculture, food, information technology, bioinformatics, transportation,
nance, and more. PSP’s participation in NDEMC (see Chapter 21) led to
an additional and continuing investment in experts trained in the use of
engineering applications in supercomputing environments.
A selection of large-company partners, both current and former, include
• Agriculture: ADM, FMC Corporation, Syngenta
• Finance: JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley
• Information and Communication Technology, including soware:
AT&T, Cray, Dell, IBM, Intel, Microso, Nokia-Siemens Networks,
American Airlines Sabre Systems, Schlumberger, Simulia Abaqus, Sony
• Insurance: Allstate, State Farm
• Manufacturers: Boeing, Caterpillar, Deere, Dow, Eastman Kodak,
Ford, GE, Honeywell, Motorola, Procter & Gamble, Rolls-Royce,
• Medical and Pharmaceuticals: Abbott Labs, Eli Lilly, Mayo Clinic
• Oil and Gas: BHP Billiton, BP, ExxonMobil Upstream Research,
• Retail, Wholesale, and Distribution: Kellogg, Sears
An expectation routinely heard from others is that large companies
have enough money and power to solve all technical challenges themselves.
Aer all, they have eets of PhDs and their own supercomputers, so why
should governments and national agencies bother with collaborating?
e answer is simple: large companies have enough expertise to know
what the problems are and what is not getting done with existing science
and engineering. In other words, it is these companies that push the very
boundaries of science and engineering in ways that no one else can.