2 Information and Communication Technology

2.1 Basic Definitions and Principles of Information and Communication Technology

Information and communication technology (ICT) by definition is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems, as well as the various services and applications associated with them. Such applications span from videoconferencing and distance learning to telemedicine, e-government, e-commerce, e-education, e-health, and e-environment. ICT applications can facilitate the achievement of reducing poverty and improving health and environmental conditions in developing countries.

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