Introduction

The purpose of this work is to raise awareness among managers in organizations (businesses, administrative bodies, associations and groups of individuals within a collaborative economy) on the issues raised by information systems. This book does not set out to to try to cover all the questions raised by information systems, or to offer an exhaustive list of ready-made answers. The authors’ intention is rather to provide a framework for analysis and the keys to a coherent understanding, to help information systems stakeholders to deal with questions that are rich in diversity and constantly evolving. Information technologies are by nature difficult to pin down. They are paradoxical in nature. On the one hand, they are forward-looking, and indispensable in that they pave the way to innovations full of potential (Big Data, artificial intelligence and connected objects). On the other hand, they are vectors of major vulnerabilities (cyber security, digitization and loss of privacy), and it is still difficult today to gauge their scope and consequences. This is why the study of information systems is both necessary and fascinating. Beyond the purely operational issues [ALB 09], we can clearly see that information systems management has to do with ethical questions and the complexity of the world. Insofar as they structure the processes of business departments and increasingly condition the relationships between the stakeholders in a value chain, decisions taken about information ...

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