THE ZOFNASS FRAMEWORK for infrastructure sustainability calls for optimum allocation of resources in the development and operation of infrastructure. To support the consideration of this goal, the present chapter addresses the following topics in turn:
First, we briefly summarize resource allocation within the Zofnass Program.
Next, we introduce the framework of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a means for characterizing quantitatively the use of resources in infrastructure construction and operation.
Third, we review the different types of resource use and consumption, and the metrics or indicators that have been developed to date within the field of LCA; we place particular ...