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Infrastructure Sustainability and Design by Daniel Schodek, Stephen J. Ramos, Andreas Georgoulias, Spiro N. Pollalis

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3

Infrastructure and Nature: Reciprocal Effects and Patterns for our Future

Richard T.T. Forman

HARVARD UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF DESIGN

NATURE … the patterns and processes beyond human control … is the giant on earth, daily nurturing and periodically perturbing us. We in turn create an extensive infrastructure … the basic framework and facilities servicing people on the land … with linear features reaching almost everywhere. Nature affecting infrastructure, infrastructure affecting nature … titanic interactions not to be missed.

My objective in this chapter is to explore these reciprocal effects, highlighting the resulting spatial patterns, and pinpointing key principles to use for a better future on the land. Roadways, railways, pipelines, ...

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