The Evolution of Urban Water and Energy Infrastructure Systems

John Norton Jr.


THIS CHAPTER ADDRESSES the evolution and congruence of the urban water and energy infrastructure systems, commonly phrased as the “water–energy nexus.” It takes a lot of energy to make water, and it takes a lot of water to make energy, but both resources are under considerable pressures due to a range of significant issues, such as climate and environmental impacts, supply-chain limitations, and socio-economic concerns. Numerous commercial, industrial, and residential developments have been constrained, postponed, or entirely deferred due to water and energy supply limitations, and the rate and relative impact of these concerns is increasing. There have even ...

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